See more ideas about dresden ww2, dresden, dresden bombing. It is a baby. (Dresden had, in fact, been first bombed by the U.S. Eighth Air Force on October 7, 1944, and again on January 16, 1945, but the damage and casualties were minimal.) Why did we burn its people? Of what use will their fire department be once that really starts?” [23] That evening Churchill asked the Secretary of State for Air, Sir Archibald Sinclair, what plans had been drawn up to carry out these proposals. Metzger continued: “We saw terrible things: cremated adults shrunk to the size of small children, pieces of arms and legs, dead people, whole families burnt to death. A historian wrote, “To support the attack, Bomber Command dispatched several diversionary raids designed to confuse the German air defenses. [150], Historian Donald Bloxham states, "The bombing of Dresden on 13–14 February 1945 was a war crime". Still in the forefront of his mind was the Luftwaffe’s indiscriminate bombing of London and other British cities during the Battle of Britain in 1940. During the Second World War, Britain was on summer time and. No vehicles moved. He was taken to Dresden and housed in a Schlachthof [slaughterhouse]. “Actually Dresden was a mass of munitions works, an intact government centre, and a key transportation point to the East. At 22:00 hours, the force heading for Böhlen split away from Plate Rack, which turned south east toward the Elbe. [18] One of the main authors responsible for inflated figures being disseminated in the West was Holocaust denier David Irving, who subsequently announced that he had discovered that the documentation he had worked from had been forged, and the real figures supported the 25,000 number. Suddenly, I saw people again, right in front of me. In that sense it is an absolutely exemplary tragedy for the horrors of 20th century warfare and a symbol of destruction.”, © Copyright 2021 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved. Taylor suggests that, although the destruction of Dresden would have affected people's support for the Allies regardless of German propaganda, at least some of the outrage did depend on Goebbels' falsification of the casualty figures. The Third Reich also inflated the number of casualties, claiming that more than 200,000 civilians had been killed. Grierson answered that the primary aim was to attack communications to prevent the Germans from moving military supplies, and to stop movement in all directions if possible. Fires everywhere. A further 1,858 bodies were discovered during the reconstruction of Dresden between the end of the war and 1966. British historian Antony Beevor wrote that Dresden was considered relatively safe, having been spared previous RAF night attacks, and that at the time of the raids there were up to 300,000 refugees in the area seeking sanctuary from the advancing Red Army from the Eastern Front. Allied arguments centre around the existence of a local air defence system and additional ground defences the Germans were constructing in anticipation of Soviet advances. Among its treasures were the baroque Zwinger Palace, the State Opera House known as the Semper Oper, and the Frauenkirche, the latter built in the 1700s. “I mention this,” he said, “because, for a long time, the Government, for excellent reasons, has preferred the world to think that we still held some scruples and attacked only what the humanitarians are pleased to call ‘military targets.’ I can assure you, gentlemen, that we tolerate no scruples.”. (Dresden had, in fact, been first bombed by the U.S. Eighth Air Force on October 7, 1944, and again on January 16, 1945, but the damage and casualties were minimal.) Far-right politicians in Germany have sparked a great deal of controversy by promoting the term "Bombenholocaust" ("holocaust by bomb") to describe the raids. If, however it is also a startling one, this is probably less the result of widespread understanding of the nuance of international law and more because in the popular mind 'war criminal', like 'paedophile' or 'terrorist', has developed into a moral rather than a legal categorisation". Thirteen minutes later the incendiary bombs began falling on Dresden, setting whole blocks ablaze. Explosion after explosion. A funeral pyre in Dresden, February 1945. At Rotterdam, London, Warsaw, and half a hundred other places, they put their rather naive theory into operation. 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