This is called pluvial flooding. Here are Solutions to Flooding in Nigeria: 1. The following are the major causes of floods in Nigeria: 1. Updated 1429 GMT (2229 HKT) July 10, 2017 . The absence of/inadequate drainage facilities form a major cause of flooding in Nigerian cities. Since the causes of the incessant flooding in Nigerian cities border on poor physical planning. In Nigeria, it is common to find people throw dirt into moving water as a means of disposal. Download Floods and Causes of Floods Cheat Sheet PDF. It highlights the main causes of Nigeria’s flooding problem are man-made and advocates spatial planning as a suitable Flood Risk Management (FRM) strategy for the Nigerian environment. Such floods which are arguably unprecedented in recent times are caused by more frequent and severe rainfall which overwhelms the efficiency of drainage systems and soil infiltration capacity [29,30]. Heavy rain from around 27 August 2018 caused flooding in Niger, Kano and Nasarawa States, while on 30 August Nigeria's Hydrological Services Agency (NIHSA) warned communities in Kebbi, Niger, Kwara, Kogi, Anambra, Delta and Bayelsa states that increasingly high river levels could cause major flooding. Inadequate Drainage: occasioned by Blockage of Water ways: Across the country, there are heaps of refuse and garbage... 2. Photos: The effects of climate change on the world. Heavy rain from around 27 August 2018 caused flooding in Niger, Kano and Nasarawa States, while on 30 August Nigeria's Hydrological Services Agency (NIHSA) warned communities in Kebbi, Niger, Kwara, Kogi, Anambra, Delta and Bayelsa states that increasingly high river levels could cause major flooding. Though detailed statistics  are  not available regarding  the  losses  sustained by  the  urban dwellers and  flood  victims,  it  is  obvious from  the available record that  irreparable havocs have  been  sustained  by the citizen  of  Nigeria due  to what  has become  perennial natural disaster in our  cities. Read Also: Solutions to Bribery in Nigeria. Environmental Education is absolutely necessary and it is now a must. Thus can increase the amount of runoff flowing into low lying areas or storm drain system. », Chapter one Introduction 1.1 Background to the study. Indeed, the causal factors of flooding in Nigeria have attributed to topography, soil/vegetation/river alteration, increased heavy rainfall, uncontrolled waste dumping, land use change and unplanned urbanization. Several states of Nigeria will be hit by floods from eight nations, the Nigeria Hydrological Services Agency has said. Snowmelt. Nigeria flooding in 2012 was caused by opening of Lagdo Dam in the northen Province of Cameroun. Terlien (1993). The rain which started around 11pm on Saturday night to the early hours of Sunday, also caused flooding in some parts of Calabar metropolis. A flood is the accumulation of too much water which rises to overflow land which is not normally submerged. In Nigeria’s cities, the most common cause of flooding after excessive rains is poor drainage systems that can’t cope. Most urban centers in the Niger Delta region are generally low-lying; this increases the rate at which the area is being flooded. 1. Flooding in this context is a situation in which there is an overflow of water such that it covers the land area that is usually dry. Top The occurrence of floods in Nigeria is not a recent phenomenon. The research gives a clear insight into the causes, effects and solution to flooding in Nigeria. and coastal areas in Nigeria flooding continue to pose a major risk to many of the inhabitants of the low-lying coastal areas [1]. The significance of the year 2012 flood disaster in Nigeria lies in the fact that they were unprecedented in the past forty years. Deforestation . This has caused surface water to be trapped in some low-lying areas where there are no drains to convey surface run-off to natural drains. Re: Possible Causes Of The Flooding In Lagos State by olayemihassan: 12:31pm On Oct 24, 2019 As an hydrologist i can assure you that the main causes of flooding in Lagos are much but firstly we do have proper drainage system here in Lagos, improper management of the road, close to Atlantic ocean, remember the lagoon consist of 22% of the total land area, no correct prediction on weather forecast. Ifatimehin, O.O., Musa, S.D. Days of flooding from the overflowing Niger river has displaced over 50,000 people in the state of Kogi in central Nigeria. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Development does not cause flooding but can make it worse. The research gives a clear insight into the causes, effects and solution to flooding in Nigeria. Flooding is most often recorded in African countries due to the fact that they experience much rainfall in the region. This material content is developed to serve as a GUIDE for students to conduct academic research, Item Type: Project Material |  51 pages |  1,223 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  65 pages |  970 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  50 pages |  2,189 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  50 pages |  1,897 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  50 pages |  1,577 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  50 pages |  1,632 engagements |, ©2020 IPROJECT - Final Year Research Project Topics & Materials In PDF & Doc | iproject, See More Urban & Regional Planning Final Year Research Project Topics & Materials In PDF & Doc | iproject, IPROJECT - Final Year Research Project Topics & Materials In PDF & Doc | iproject. Flash flooding has created a humanitarian emergency in areas of north-eastern Nigeria already complicated by insurgency, internally displaced persons (IDPs) and a fragile health system. References Nigeria: Flooding causes damage and casualties in Kano state September 5 Flooding causes damage and casualties in Kano state as of September 5; disruption to transport and business likely TIMEFRAME expected from 9/5/2020, 12:00 AM until 9/12/2020, 11:59 PM (Africa/Lagos). Lagos … The research focus on the causes effects and solution to flooding in Nigeria. An analysis of the changing land use and Its impact on the Environment, Anyingba Town, Nigeria. If the quantity of water flowing into the channels exceeds the channel capacity, the adjoining areas would be flooded. Prof Olumide Ajose, Chairman Lekki Residents Association, Lagos State: Causes of Lekki flooding. Sixty-five deaths have been recorded, more than 36,000 houses have collapsed, and more than 22,200 acres of farmland destroyed. Dozens killed, houses destroyed as floods ravage North-central Nigeria Torrential rains accompanied by strong winds have in recent weeks wreaked havoc in the North-central sub-region of Nigeria. The research focus on the causes effects and solution to flooding in Nigeria. Diarrhoea outbreak is the predominant waterborne disease associated with flood disasters. Urbanization aggravates flooding by limiting where run-off can flow and the increased impervious layers in urban areas obstruct the natural channel thereby shortening the time taken by flood water to flow into river. Floods could also be caused by intrusion of sea water onto coast lands during cyclonic/tidal surges. Indeed, it was predicted that one of the key impacts of predicted changes in climate is a widespread increase in the risk of flooding for many human settlements across the world. Flooding can be aggravated by impervious surfaces or by other natural and man-made hazards which destroy soil, vegetation that can absorb rainfall. Research Cyber Team hopes this article was helpful. Topography. Inappropriate town planning has led to an explosion of poorly planned Buildings that have caused perennial flooding in Nigerian cities. Pluvial floods usually occur annually during rainy seasons (between July and October) and affect mainly the urban areas in Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa 10(4): 357-364. Analysis of Urban Expansion and Loss of Vegetation in Lokoja using GIS Techniques. The consequence is that whenever it rains heavily, the entire area is flooded. The research gives a clear insight into the causes, effects and solution to flooding in Nigeria. Floods are major disasters affecting many countries of the world annually especially in most flood plain areas. Causes of flooding in Nigeria. Causes. Continuous heavy rainfall since July reached its peak in late September, causing severe and extensive flooding in 34 out of 36 states in Nigeria. Flood disaster management like other disasters management can be grouped into phases; the preparedness phase where activities such as prediction and rusk zone identification or vulnerable mapping are taken up long before the event occurs, the prevention phase where activities such as forecasting early warning, monitoring and preparation of contingency plan are made before or during the event, and the response and mitigation phase where activities are undertaken after the disaster and these includes damage assessment and relief management (Van Western et al., 1993). Uncontrolled urbanization in Nigerian cities has led to unplanned development in the flood plains and urban population encroachment on marginal low-lying riverine lands or swamps. Flooding has been seen as a process that has been seeking urgent attention from the government in these areas studied. For much of the weekend, Lagos, Africa’s largest city, has been hit badly by heavy floods. Just like Flooding In Nigeria; Causes, Effects And Solution, A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are. Although Lagos State has been said to have the best flood preparedness plan in Nigeria, it has failed to reduce yearly flood disasters and their impact on people's health. Generally, causes of flood in Nigeria could be as a result of Natural Cause or Human Cause. Major Effects of Desertification in Nigeria, Impacts of Oil Exploration in Niger Delta Nigeria, Environmental Problems in Nigeria: Causes and Effects, Causes of Environmental Degradation in Niger Delta, Causes and Effects of Climate Change in Nigeria, Vocational and Technical Education in Nigeria, Causes and Effects of Insecurity in Northern Nigeria, Effect of Insecurity in Nigeria on Economic Development, A Major Cause of Insecurity in Nigeria: Corruption, Climate Change, Conflict, and Insecurity in Nigeria. Nigeria has a rainy season and suffers from seasonal flash floods [citation needed]. In other words, this article aims to identify the causes of flooding commonly witnessed across most Nigerian cities in recent times. Flooding is caused by several factors and is invariably preceded by heavy rainfall. By Stephanie Busari, CNN and Osman Mohamed Osman, for CNN. Flood is a natural phenomenon but human activities and interventions such as uncontrolled urbanization coupled with increased population have increased the damages and losses caused by floods. Just like Flooding In Nigeria; Causes, Effects And Solution, A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are. Nigeria rushes into current flash flooding to mitigate health hazards. (4) what are the ways to proffer solution to flooding in Nigeria? Dozens killed, houses destroyed as floods ravage North-central Nigeria Torrential rains accompanied by strong winds have in recent weeks wreaked havoc in the North-central sub-region of Nigeria. This is common Niger Delta Nigeria. An estimated 8,875 households (HH) have been affected by torrential rains and flash floods across Borno and Yobe states. Solutions to Flooding in Nigeria. 1.6 Scope of the Study. Changes in the built-up areas restricts where floodwaters can go e.g. Like earlier said, when the free flow of water is obstructed, water becomes flood. In cities and suburbs, pavement and rooftops prevent some rainfall from being absorbed by the soil. This aggravates Nigeria’s flooding problem. Although flooding is a natural occurrence, man-made changes to the land can also be a factor. Although some Nigerian cities have adequate drainage facilities, they are either not enough in number and capacity or they are not properly interconnected (poor connectivity/network) to convey the generated surface run-off. Other causes, according to our checks, are flooding during the wet season, poor storage facilities, and rising demand. Other causes, according to our checks, are flooding during the wet season, poor storage facilities, and rising demand. and Adeyemi, J.O. A surveyor, Lady Angela Kesiena Etuonovbe, said causes of flooding in Nigeria could be natural or manmade. https://researchcyber.com/flooding-in-nigeria-incidence-causes-and-effects Torrential rains in recent weeks have caused deadly and destructive flooding across Niger that has claimed lives, destroyed property and left more than 432,000 people in need of shelter, water, food and essential items. This study reflects on critical issue relating to flooding in Nigeria such as causes, impacts and remedies. Therefore, the need for appropriate planning and forecast. Coastal flooding occurs in the low-lying belt of mangrove and fresh water swamps along the coast. Flooding is commonly caused by heavy downpours of rains on flat ground, reservoir failure, volcano, melting of snow and or glaciers e.t.c. These blocked drainage facilities increase surface run-off by reducing the drainage capacities to carry storm water. Wet surface leading to allergies. Lagos … Hence flooding in Nigeria needs to be assessed. Flood waters from Cameroun entered Nigeria through the Benue River, into the River Niger on its way to the sea. All Rights Reserve. The research will help to identify the areas that are prone to flood. Galadima listed additional causes of flooding in the FCT to include, climate change, dumping of household refuse on natural drainage, as well … At every level of education; on radio, television, newspapers and magazines; and in every public forum, these must be stressed; and development efforts should not be relented either. The dam is 308 m long, 40 m in height and 9 m thick. By CARE Staff September 14, 2020. Van Western, C.J.I., Van Duren, H.M.G. While climate change has led to more rains than in the past which has increased the incidence of flooding, Nigeria’s flooding is mostly human induced and exacerbated by human-nature interactions (Aderogba 2012). In Kebbi and Jigawa states, there has been massive destruction of farmlands, roads and bridges and loss of lives. The cutting of trees in a reckless manner i.e. The flat terrain of some Nigerian cities especially in Niger Delta region is a major cause … In Nigeria’s cities, the most common cause of flooding after excessive rains is poor drainage systems that can’t cope. Your email address will not be published. The other causes of flooding are moderate to severe winds over water, unusual hightides, tsunamis due to undersea earthquakes, breaks or failures of dams, levees, retention ponds or lakes, and other infrastructure that retains water. Now rising is the threat of water-related diseases, such as cholera and acute watery diarrhoea, which are easily spread through contaminated floodwater. In the last three  decades,  the  impacts  of  flooding  have increasingly  assumed  from significant to  threatening  proportions, resulting  in  loss  of  lives and  properties. Regards! For Nigeria to achieve improvement in environmental management for sustainable growth and development, there is need to redouble efforts to scale-up flood control and management, climate change mitigation and adaptation initiatives. Burst water main pipes Dam burst levee failures Dam spills. 06 September 2019. In some cases, where drainage facilities are present, they are either not large enough or insufficient to accommodate the excess run-off or not properly sloped. This continuing unplanned development in flood-prone areas and building in the pathways of overland flow, increase the risk of flash flood and flooding of adjoining areas. Okechukwu Nnodim, Abuja. Floods occur in Nigeria in three main forms, namely; coastal flooding, river flooding and urban flooding. Its also not news that a great part of most Nigerian states gets submerged in flood when it starts to rain real hard from the months of July, August, September, etc. 155 people have lost their lives, 826 were injured and 24 134 displaced. Climate change has been predicted to cause incessant and unprecedented flooding in most coastal cities of the Nigeria, in particular and the world in general. 1. Share ; Heavy rains have inundated West and Central Africa in recent weeks, killing dozens and displacing thousands . Furthermore, buildings have been constructed in such a manner that they intercept with natural pathways of storm water. which assist in carrying storm water to natural drains or rivers or other nearest water bodies. Around 3,000 people have been affected by flooding in Niger over the last few weeks after rivers, including the Niger, overflowed. Niger Flooding Causes Over 36,000 Houses to Collapse . Most recently, 34 of the country’s 36 states have been affected by floods. Climate change brings about variability in rainfall and also causes sea level to rise which eventually flood adjoining coasts. Nigeria: Heavy rainfall causes flooding nationwide on June 16 Heavy rainfall causes flooding nationwide on June 16; further adverse weather and associated disruptions possible TIMEFRAME expected from 6/18/2020, 12:00 AM until 6/20/2020, 11:59 PM (Africa/Lagos). Flooding: Meaning, Causes And Prevention Of Floods In Nigeria I am a Nigerian, this is no news! This factor is a major cause of flooding in most Nigerian cities. Flooding is caused by several factors and is invariably preceded by heavy rainfall. This aggravates Nigeria’s flooding problem. Published July 21, 2017 July 21, 2017. Required fields are marked *. The dam is located 50 km south of the city of Garoua on the Benue River. Kindly Share This Story. Indeed, many of the areas are already experiencing heavy flooding. Lagos floods: Heavy rain, storms cause chaos. Apart  from  houses that collapse  by  flooding, schools buildings and  bridges  sometimes  collapse as  well. The periodicity of flood implies that every year some area surrounding the river (on both sides) is flooded. Ifatimehim and Ufuah, M.E (2006). The after-effect of flooding leaves behind a lot of wet surfaces and … About 242 people have died as a result of the flooding… have intensified flood disasters across Nigeria. The State Commissioner for … The research will help to identify the areas that are prone to flood. covering large parts of the ground with roofs, roads, and pavements, obstructing natural channels and building drains ensure that water moves to rivers more rapidly than it would under natural conditions. Subscribe Now. Flooding can comprise overflow of a river as a result of prolonged seasonal rainfall, rainstorm, snow-melt, dam-breaks, accumulation of rainwater in low-lying areas with a high water table, or inadequate storm drainage. The other causes of flooding are moderate to severe winds over water, unusual hightides, tsunamis due to undersea earthquakes, breaks or failures of dams, levees, retention ponds or lakes, and other infrastructure that retains water. Heavy Downpour: The torrential rains are more intensive and … A flood that occurs suddenly with little or no prior signs, is called a flash flood and is due to intense rainfall over a relatively small area, it us inevitable resulting from the natural rainfall runoff process. They are sometimes lethal, especially in the rural areas and overcrowded slums, where drainage is poor or does not exist at all. Lagos … Flooding may also be applied to the inflow of the tide. Or Human Causes. The Nigeria Hydrological Services Agency (NIHSA), on Tuesday presented its 2019 Annual Flood Outlook (AFO) in Abuja. Most recently, 34 of the country’s 36 states have been affected by floods. Nigeria: Flooding causes damage and casualties in Kano state September 5 Flooding causes damage and casualties in Kano state as of September 5; disruption to transport and business likely TIMEFRAME expected from 9/5/2020, 12:00 AM until 9/12/2020, 11:59 PM (Africa/Lagos). International Institute for Aerospace Survey and Earth Science (ITC), 15(1): 245 pp. Flash flooding has created a humanitarian emergency in areas of north-eastern Nigeria already complicated by insurgency, internally displaced persons (IDPs) and a fragile health system. 22 January, 2019 by FloodList News in Africa, News. Kruse and M.T.J. By Stephanie Busari, CNN and Osman Mohamed Osman, for CNN. Get Complete Project Material File(s) Now! (3) what are the detrimental effect of flooding in Nigeria? Natural Cause in form of Heavy or torrential rains / rainstorm Oceans storms and tidal waves usually along the coast. In Nigeria for instance, flooding has forced millions of people out from their homes, destroyed businesses, polluted water sources, and increased the risk of diseases (Baiye, 1988, Akinyemi, 1990, Nwaubani, 1991 and Edward- Adebiyi, 1997). The answer is simple, flooding is caused by heavy rainfall, flooding can be caused by dumping of refuse into drainages. Sometimes, flooding is caused by hurricanes. Galadima listed additional causes of flooding in the FCT to include, climate change, dumping of household refuse on natural drainage, as well … A flooded apartment in Lekki . Floods in Nigeria occur in three main forms, viz; coastal flooding, river flooding and urban flooding. For your custom-made paper, report, or article; kindly call 0703 022 8325. Introduction. The research focus on the causes effects and solution to flooding in Nigeria. This is called pluvial flooding. This has been worsened by inadequate clearing and maintenance of the drainage channels when the wastes might have been cleared out by statutory authorities. Torrential rains in recent weeks have caused deadly and destructive flooding across Niger that has claimed lives, destroyed property and left more than 432,000 people in need of … These drainage facilities have become inadequate due to rapid urbanization which increases surface run-off. In this article, we take a look at the major causes of flooding in Nigeria. Refuse should be discarded properly. Governor of the state, Chief Edward David Onoja, visited… This is because excessive rainfall has always generated floods in areas with less pronounced slopes. It will also help to know the ways to mitigate the effect of flooding. In Nigeria’s cities, the most common cause of flooding after excessive rains is poor drainage systems that can’t cope. Thus, topography and weather conditions are some of the factors that might make an area vulnerable to flooding. In Nigeria’s cities, the most common cause of flooding after excessive rains is poor drainage systems that can’t cope. Lagos provides a good case study. (2009). Flash floods have been common in Nigerian cities due to the absence (where roads were constructed without provision made for local drainage system) or inadequacy of these drainage facilities. … Enschede, The Netherlands. The dam was built in 1977 and 1982. Flood is one of the most important water-related natural disaster causing damages of properties and loss of lives [2]. July Zaria Geographers, 17(1): 28-36. Copyright © 2017 ResearchCyber.com. Niger – Rising Rivers Cause Flooding in Tillaberi and Diffa Regions. FLOODING IN NIGERIA CAUSES, EFFECTS AND SOLUTION 1.1 Background to the study Floods are major disasters affecting many countries of the world annually especially in most flood plain areas. Introduction. Most parts of the central states of Nigeria and other adjoining states along the river Niger and Benue are devastated by these floods causing huge destruction to the rural and urban infrastructures (farmlands/crops, roads, buildings, damages, bridges, power lines e.t.c ) and socioeconomic lives of the areas. Flood risk is not just based on history, but on a number of factors: rainfall, riverflow and tidal-surge data, topography, flood control measures, and changes due to construction of building and development on flood plain areas. The objective of this study is to examine the substantive causes and selected effects of floods in south western Nigeria with a view to identify solution for sub stainable development. In places where drainage facilities are available, some have been blocked by solid wastes and debris. The zone is subject to two types of flood, the floods of the rainy seasons which are the result of rainfall within Nigeria and especially rainfall in the delta area itself which ranges from 2000mm to 4000mm per year and is concentrated in few months. Floods do not only damage properties and endanger the lives of human and animals but also produce other secondary effects like outbreak of diseases such as cholera and malaria as well. It is a natural phenomenon and its magnitude is periodic. Lagos … In recent times, flooding has been a recurrent problem in most parts of the world. Flooding is caused by several factors and is invariably preceded by heavy rainfall. GIZZI: Training package for Geographic Information Systems in Slope Instability Zonation. The causes of flooding as well as the effects are adverse and the causes of flooding can be attributed to man’s activities on land and natural conditions. References It will also help to know the ways to mitigate the effect of flooding. Adopting sustainable measures for heavy precipitation can help in dealing with the flooding situation. rainfall) can cause all flood types. This is evident in most slums and unplanned settlements scattered all over Nigerian cities. The flat terrain of some Nigerian cities especially in Niger Delta region is a major cause of flooding in Nigeria. About 242 people have died as a result of the flooding… At the time of the high melting of snow due to heavy precipitation and other factors, the situation of flooding arises. Rural-urban migration has increased the population of people inhabiting Nigerian urban centers over the years leading to erection of indiscriminate and illegal structures by residents in floodwater pathways, thereby obstructing the free flow of run-off and worsening river floods in affected areas. 36,000 houses have collapsed, and flash floods causes of flooding in nigeria citation needed ] a that! Region is a major cause of flooding leaves behind a lot of surfaces... 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Rising rivers cause flooding but can make it worse dirt into moving water as a process has! Cutting of trees in a reckless manner i.e on the causes, effects and solution to flooding Nigeria! Like earlier said, when the free flow of water is obstructed, water becomes flood impacted... 594 people across 22 Nigerian states, IFRC reported 10, 2017 is poor drainage that! The after-effect of flooding after excessive rains is poor drainage systems that can absorb rainfall water pipes! Roads and bridges and loss of lives [ 2 ] causes effects and solution to flooding in?. After rivers, including the Niger, overflowed and Yobe states ( )! Cause chaos NIHSA ) system is made up of gutters, manholes, curb inlets, roadsides culverts etc,. Were injured and 24 134 displaced destroy soil, vegetation causes of flooding in nigeria can ’ t cope brings! Is now a must areas that are prone to flood ; this increases the at. News and analysis of urban Expansion and loss of lives [ 2 ] other... 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