Flowers are in many varieties, as there are different colors and shape of the flowers so the flower description of Apple tree is difficult. script async src="https://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/js/adsbygoogle.js">, Having interest in farming made me to go for helping farmers and other individuals to make profits from agriculture farming, livestock farming ,horticulture farming and gardening. But the top of the fruit is pretty gold in the background. During the rainy season, irrigation should be given without any water-logging as over water logging can harm the tree. The vitamins that are enclosed in an Apple are Vitamin A, Vitamin B. Yield in Apple Cultivation:- The yield of apple crop depends on factors like cooling, sunlight (agro-climatic conditions), soil and cultivar. The propagation is done by grafting on rootstock also. Training and Pruning in Apple Cultivation: – Training and pruning are essential tasks needed for setting proper orchard framework. However, more than with most perennial fruits, apples must be propagated asexually to obtain the sweetness and other desirable characteristics of the parent. Apple trees grow well in a wide range of soil types. The scientific name of Apples is Malus domestica. These varieties of Apples are crunch in nature and sweet in taste. There is a need to reduce inputs such as water, fertiliser and labour, both to save costs and … Growing apples is so rewarding because the trees are delightful to have in the yard, with their delicate, fragrant spring blossoms, and you can use the fruits in tons of different ways. The system of planting is followed in apple cultivation is square or hexagonal. Add well rotted organic matter before planting and mulch and water well through the growing season until the tree is growing well.. The below measures can be used for effective weed control. There is no need of irrigation in rainy season. However, this is good for only some initial years. The cultivation of apples. Carry out fruit thinning is required task in pollinizing varieties for regulating adequate cross-pollination. Some fruits set by self-pollination, but for Apples the fruit setting is done by cross – pollination. Planting pollinator in between main plantation is required for proper apple fruit setting. The skin of the Apples is pink in colour. Pests and Diseases in Apple Cultivation: – Controlling of pests and diseases in any crop is one of the major tasks for good yield and quality. The ideal annual rainfall for custard apple cultivation is about 500 mm to 800 mm. Surround, a kaolin-clay-based pesticide, has Apples may prevent Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease. Pre cooling: Apples are placed in a cool and ventilated room. Light irrigation should be given after planting the plants. Rootstock Seedling rootstock For raising rootstock seedlings, seeds of crab apple (Malus baccata) or commercial cultivars are stratified during December for 2-3 months at 2- 5°C. If any symptoms of the disease are found, then the part of the plant should be destroyed so that the plants can’t transfer the diseases to other plants. The fruit is sweet in taste and is an edible variety. Aerial view of the Apple plantation. This amount can be scheduled in about 20 irrigations. The most important periods of irrigation of the plants are during flowering and fruit bearing stages. You may also like the Amla Farming Income. Many apples grow readily from seeds. However, extreme cold temperature will damage the apple crop. This is a list of countries by apple production in 2016 and 2017, based on data from the Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database . The plant flowers from April to May and bears fruit between August and November. These are some of the varieties that are grown popularly all round the world. They are grown in the month of July – August. apple production is starting to look up, however. However, the size and shape of the apple tree are determined by root stock selection and trimming (Pruning) method. To give fine texture to the soil, land should be ploughed and harrowed. Thank you for updating our information for growing the Apple Products and Cultivating them, but mainly which Fertilizers and Bio Fertilizer and Organic Fertilizers are really very important for increasing the Crop Production. Irrigation in Apple Cultivation: – The apple plantation requires 115 cm to 120 cm of water per year. These nutrients are stabilized at 700:350:700 grams of N, P and K /year, after 10 years of tree age. One can go for high density apple plantation for getting more yields. These originated in Clay Country, West Virginia. In supermarkets the Apples are sold as sections or as whole fruit. Buy Aerial View of the Apple Plantation. The well known fruit all over the world is Apples. This is because seedling apples are an example of "extreme heterozygotes", in that rather than inheriting genes from their parents to create a new apple with parental characteristics, they are instead significantly different from their parents, perhaps to compete with the many pests. China tops the apple fruit production in the world. Mixture of well decomposed farm yard manure (FMY) of 35 kg and 500 grams of single super phosphate and 50 grams of malathion dust should be incorporated in each pit. It is recommend having 1000 chilling hours at below 7°C for best growth and yield. Transportation: Transportation of Apples is done by the road trucks. But in winter, irrigation can be given with 3-4 weeks interval. Some apples are … [1] Farmyard manure (FMY) and soil should be filled in the pits. But the top of the fruit is pretty yellow in the background. The texture of the fruit is crunchy and mildly sweet in flavour. You should not miss the Growing Pumpkins from Seed. The land should be prepared properly at first before the cultivation begins. Plastic mulch or any other natural mulch material like hay, dry leaves or dry grass can be used. Generally depending on growth habit and vigour of the rootstock, the apple plants are trained. Mulch in Apple Cultivation: – Mulching provides the way of conserving moisture at plant base and also checks the weed growth surrounding of apple trees. With the help of high density (HD) method of planting, about 600 to 1200 apple plants per hectare can be cultivated. The genus of Apples is from Malus. The apple is a hardy, deciduous woody perennial tree that grows in all temperate zones. Weed Control in Apple Cultivation: – Give frequent shallow cultivation between rows and use mulch material at plant base to supress the weed growth. Apply glyphosate @ 800 to 850 ml./ha.as post emergence herbicide to suppress the weed growth for four to 5 months. If the pruning is done in January then the harvesting should be done in July – September. These Apples are classified broadly into: Each and every variety is different in colour. The pH value of the soil for Growing Apples is 5.5 to 6.5. Generally, 1 hectare land can accommodate in the range between 250 and 1200. Soil Requirement for Custard Apple Cultivation:- Custard apples can be grown in a wide variety of soils with good drainages such as fertile sandy, shallow, marginal lands, and wastelands. When it comes to manures to be used in orchard, well decomposed farm yard manure of 8 to10 kg/year/tree should be applied along with other fertilizers. The Apple is a fleshy fruit. Make sure to pick the fruits before they are fully ripe. There are apples for fresh eating, some for cooking, and some for preserving. The soil should be tested so that the nutrients which are required by the soil can be known. 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